SUMMARY OF THE ACTIVITIES OF THE NATIONAL CENTER FOR EPIDEMIOLOGYIN 2009
The National Center for Epidemiology (NCE) has state responsibility in the field of the epidemiology of communicable diseases covering the whole territory of the Republic of Hungary, the control of hospital hygiene, epidemiological microbiology, and the qualification and use of immunobiological products. In accordance with the Deed of Foundation, the primary activity of our Centre was focused on the control of epidemiological safety in Hungary also in 2009. It was performed in a complex way with the follow-up of communicable diseases, the surveillance of healthcare-associated infections, the microbiological tests, the revision of biocid products, and the control of immunobiological products. Within our activity we collaborated with international organizations and field institutes, operated IT systems, made recommendations, and performed epidemiological, strategic, analytical, decision-preparatory and expert activities. We participated in the preparation of health legal regulations and the investigation of field events. Within our activities, we had continuous collaboration with the international organizations and field institutes; we operated information systems; we published recommendations; and we performed preparations for epidemiological-strategic decision-making and analytical and expert activities. We participated in the preparation process for technical rules and the investigation of field events, and we made proposals for preparedness for risks in case of emergency. We actively contributed to the control of effects due to unusual or serious events and for this purpose we developed and maintained national and international scientific technical relations. NCE is the national competent body of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the member of the Epidemiological Surveillance Component of the Community Network (ESCON). The director and advantaged members of the Centre are members in the Boards and permanent Committees of ECDC and participated as national expert, focal point in the specific epidemiological/microbiological networks. As national contact point, we collaborated with the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) and joined into the activity of the European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines (EDQM) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in the field of immunobiological products. The Vaccine Control Laboratory in NCE is one of the six National Control Laboratories (NCL) in Europe accredited by WHO, being responsible for the control and quality control of human vaccines. Amid the responsibilities of NCE within the frame of international (WHO) cooperation belonging to our national mandatory epidemiological tasks, based on the international covenants and agreements signed by the Ministry of Health and the Government, our Centre organized and supervised the following programmes:
Within the frame of its wide scope of activities as state task, NCE:
In 2009, an extreme economical "disciplined" management was characteristic that made possible a very careful, reduced operation, measures regarding both material and human resources. Despite of the financial restrictions, the basic resources for operation could be provided through tenders, entrepreneurial contracts. As the result of the successful preparations of the accredited laboratories, the National Board of Accreditation confirmed the accredited status of three units of Division of Virology and five units of Division of Bacteriology, Mycology, Parasitology and Typing and of the wide spectrum of activities performed by the Microbiological Research Group, Department of QC Viral Vaccines and Department of Disinfection, and of the traditional and the up to date serological (e.g. ELIZA) molecular (PCR,-RT-PCR) tests. In 2009, the following achievements are particularly valuable:
Within the field of professional primary and further education, the following facts should be stressed:
The NCE's special professional tasks and their importance have increased recently; the determination of goals related to epidemiological safety that became topical issue for the declaration of pandemic required serious professional preparations, therefore. All these special tasks, the epidemiological work due to inland waters and floods, the challenge of bio-terrorism, the influenza pandemic, the hospital outbreaks, the emerging and re-emerging communicable diseases could be managed effectively only through rapid response.
For the ability of rapid response and the exercising of professional independence ensured in the Deed of Foundation, the National Center for Epidemiology would need financial independence. This and the proposals for the cost-effective conditions of professional activity and the drafted structural change have been submitted to the decision-makers and the superior organs upon a great number of occasions. All members of the Centre's staff satisfied the increasingly widening scope of demands with their professional knowledge and conscientious works every day of the year without the staff and resource increase.
Dr. Márta MellesDirector-General
A Törzsközpont (HNCMB)
Az OEK álláspályázatai